Asthma is a chronic disease (chronic) that attacks the respiratory tract (bronchiale) in the lung where there is inflammation (inflammatory) bronchiale cavity wall causing narrowing of the airways that eventually someone experiencing shortness of breath. Asthma is most prevalent in developed countries, especially the high levels of air pollution from vehicle fumes and dust of the desert.
Causes of Asthma
Until now the cause of asthma is not clearly known despite numerous studies by experts. Theory or hypothesis about the cause of someone suffering from asthma has not been agreed upon by experts in the world of health.
However, the conclusion is that the respiratory tract in patients with asthma have unique properties that is very sensitive to various stimuli (bronchial hyperreactivity = hipereaktivitas airways) such as air pollution (smoke, dust, chemicals), pollen, cold air, food, furry animals, mental stress, odor / aroma (eg, perfume) and sports.
In addition, the occurrence of asthma attacks as a result of the impact of patients experienced upper respiratory infections (ARI), either cold or sinisitis. Asthma attacks can also be experienced by some women to the days of the menstrual cycle, it is extremely rare.
Figures associated with increased asthma risk factors supporting the existence of a person suffering from asthma, such as heredity. If a mother or father suffered from asthma, chances are the people with asthma in family members.
Signs and Symptoms of Asthma
The signs and symptoms of asthma include:
- Respiratory sounds (wheezing / wheezing / asthma) especially when breathing out (exhalation). Not all people with asthma have respiratory sounds, and not everyone is breathing terdegar wheezing is asthma sufferers!
- The shortness of breath due to narrowing of bronchi channel (bronchiale).
- Persistent cough at night or in cold weather.
- The patient complaints of chest felt tight ..
- The attack caused severe asthma sufferer can not speak because of the difficulty in regulating breathing.
At the age of the children, initial symptoms may include itching dirongga chest or neck. During an asthma attack, feeling excessive anxiety of patients can worsen the condition was. As a reaction to anxiety, patients will also be spending a lot of sweat.
How to Avoid Asthma Attacks
Appropriate measures that can be done to avoid an asthma attack is away from the causative factors that trigger asthma attacks itself. Each patient generally has its own characteristics to things that trigger asthma attacks.
After the occurrence of asthma attacks, if the patient has felt to breathe but it is advisable to continue with appropriate treatment and dosage of drugs given by doctors.
Handling and Asthma Treatment
Asthma (Asthma) has yet to be treated completely, this means that an asthma attack can occur in the future. Handling and delivery of drugs to patients with asthma were as action arising out against the attacks which are adjusted to the severity of signs and symptoms themselves. The basic principle of handling an asthma attack is by giving both drugs injection (hydrocortisone), syrup, Ventolin (salbutamol) or nebulizer (gas salbutamol) to help loosen respiratory tract.
In mild cases where the perceived existence of the complaints that lead to the symptoms of asthma attacks or to prevent further attacks, the medical team or doctor will give medicine like Aminophylin and Prednisolone tablets. For people with asthma, it is suggested to them to provide / store inhaled medications (Ventolin Inhaler) wherever they are which can help loosen respiratory tract when his attack.