Monday, July 23, 2012

Pregnancy Nutrition

Nutrition and maternal nutrition is an important thing that must be met during the pregnancy period. Risk of fetal health is being conceived and containing mother would be reduced if pregnant women get the nutrition and a balanced nutrition. Therefore, families and pregnant women should be concerned about this. Nutrition or nutritional condition of pregnant women is tantamount to setting nutrition of a healthy diet. Pregnant women should be more careful in choosing foods for health is also considering the unborn fetus.
Together with increasing gestational age, feeding also increases the nutritional needs of pregnant women, especially when the second trimester of pregnancy. At the time of the second trimester, the fetus grows very rapidly, particularly on brain growth following nervous system.
Nutrition and good nutrition is very helpful when the pregnancy period and fetus in pregnant women undergoing pregnancy days. Of course, pregnant women and fetuses will remain healthy. During pregnancy, nutritional needs will increase the need for a case of calcium, iron and folic acid. Pregnant women should be given a boost to consume foods that are both nutritious nan, plus control of their weight during pregnancy kenaian place. The ideal weight gain ranged between 12-15 pounds.
In order to run properly developing fetus, and pregnant women can through the day with a healthy pregnancy, food consumption of pregnant women must contain the following nutrients:
Calories. During pregnancy caloric intake should increase the range of 300-400 kcal per day. In calories can be derived from a variety of food sources, in which four healthy diet should be as perfect reference 5. The good, 55% of calories obtained from tubers and rice as a source of carbohydrates, either vegetable or animal fats as much as 35%, 10% of protein and vegetables and fruits can be complementary.
Folate Asama. Fetus requires large amounts of folic acid for cell formation and nervous system. During the first trimester fetus would require the addition of as many as 400 micrograms of folic acid per day. If the fetus is deficient in folic acid, then this will make the development of the fetus to be imperfect and can make a baby born with disorders such as having anenchephaly (without skull), had cleft lip and spina bifda (a condition where the spine is not connected). Folic acid can be the fruit, brown rice and green vegetables.
Protein. Besides being a source of calories and the builder, and blood cell formation is one of the functions of proteins. Protein is needed by pregnant women with a total of about 60 grams per day or 10 grams more than usual. Protein can be obtained from nuts, tempeh, egg whites, meat and tofu.
Calcium. Function in the growth and formation of fetal bones and teeth. With no adequate calcium during pregnancy, expectant mothers can be spared from the disease osteoporosis. Why did this happen? because if the mother does not have enough calcium, the calcium needs of the fetus will be taken from his mother's bones. And other processed dairy products are good sources of calcium, in addition to calcium, milk contains other vitamins that required pregnant women, seerti vitamin A, Vitamin D, Vitamin B2 vitamin B3 and vitamin C. Apart from milk, nuts and green vegetables are good sources of calcium too.
Vitamin A. Very beneficial to the maintenance function of the eye, bone and skin. In addition vitamin A as well as immune function and fetal growth. However meskiun vitamin A is needed by pregnant women, but not served until excess in taking it, as if pregnant women with excess vitamin A can make it stunted fetus.
Iron. Function in blood formation especially red blood cells to form hemoglobin and reduces the risk of pregnant women exposed to anemia. Iron will be required at the time of entering the age of 20 weeks of pregnancy. The need for iron of 30 mg per day. Iron can be obtained on the liver, meat or fish.
Vitamin C. Pregnant woman's body requires vitamin C to absorb iron. Besides vitamin C is good for healthy gums and teeth. Another function of vitamin C is to protect tissues from organs of bberbagai kinds of brain damage as well as providing a chemical signal, it is because vitamin C contain lots of antioxidants.
Vitamin D. Meneyerap can be a useful calcium in bone formation and growth of infants. Vitamin D can be obtained from food sources, dairy, egg yolk or fish liver.
If pregnant women do not experience a variety of symptoms such as anemia, bleeding gums and other symptoms, so pregnant women can be said to have adequate nutrition and nutritional needs. It is more important to check the adequacy of nutrition during pregnancy is of course through the development of weight during pregnancy. Certainly weight gain is different each month. (Read: Ideal Body Weight During Pregnancy).
But what if women experience during pregnancy are undernourished? then this could have an impact on the infant born prematurely, resulting in miscarriage, abnormalities in the baby's nervous system, the developing fetus is abnormal, even death of the fetus. So, pay attention to are well informed about nutrition during pregnancy, to keep in mind, do not meet the nutritional needs because of quantity, but quality nutrition with a balanced composition and pretty, it's all that matters.
Source: Nutrition and Maternal Nutrition

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all the writings contained in this blog is just the knowledge the author, is not intended to replace physician policy,