Causes and processes of cataract
Cataracts mostly due to age factors or aging, but cataracts can also be caused by several other risk factors, such as:
Traumatic cataract: caused by a history of trauma / injury to the eye.
Secondary cataract: caused by other diseases, such as disease / metabolic disorders, inflammatory processes in the eye, or diabetes (diabetes mellitus).
Cataracts are caused by exposure to radiation.
Cataracts are caused by the use of long-term medications, such as corticosteroids and cholesterol-lowering drugs.
Congenital cataracts are influenced by genetic factors.
Cataract Disease Symptoms
Symptoms of cataract disease is usually a decrease in the ability of complaints that occur in a progressive vision (such as progressively worsening nearsightedness). Misty vision as if the pupils saw the smoke and whitish in color. Furthermore, if the cataract has been getting worse pupils will look really white, so that the light reflex of the eye becomes negative (-).
If the cataract is not treated immediately and left then obviously will interfere with the ability to see and possibly also can cause complications in the form of Glaucoma and Uveitis.
Drugs - drugs such cataract eye drops, vitamins or anti-oxidants only hinder the process of increasing maturation of cataracts, but it can not reduce or eliminate cataracts. Opersi cataracts done if the vision has been disturbing the patient, do not have to wait until the cataracts matured. Cataracts can not be overcome by laser, but should be corrected with surgery to remove the cloudy lens, and then replaced with artificial planting lens. Cataract surgery can be performed with a microscope and fakoemulsifikasi machine, which memafaatkan ultrasonic vibrations to destroy cataracts. Laser action can be used after cataract surgery, if the lens capsule to unrest.